My research into Valmiki Ramayana unfolds King Rama, who ruled a portion of North India called Kosala desa kingdom with Ayodhya as capital, existed more than 11, years ago. Dismissing it as artistic licence, since the two are not found in the same forest, she later found out that in the forest of Dandakaranya, the two had co- existed, and Valmiki had weaved this into the Ramayana. Subsequent three days were spent before Rama could cross the sea. Even assuming a pessimistic speed of 30 miles per day, Hanuman may have covered the distance in 20 days. She is an icon for our times," says Misra.


Calculating 17 years from Rama's birth date, the location of Mars can be determined at degrees in Dhanishta nakshatra. Rama was well-honoured and well-loved. There is one final point to consider.

Vartak's celebrated book " Vastav Ramayan " for further reading. There was a fair amount of opposition when Y Sudershan Rao, a little- known Mahabharata researcher, took over last year as chairperson of the Indian Council of Historical Research ICHRand stated soon after that the Ramayana and Mahabharata are not 'myths' but true accounts of the period. By Sunaina Kumar "Would you like to see how the sky looked at the beginning of the war? Neera Misra, who runs the Draupadi Trust in Delhi, is not a historian or scientist, unlike other pursuers. Adding to every number might have been a custom. Another answer would be to question the astronomical data itself. Lal, Bal and Pal 3 comments. Some years ago, while recovering from an illness, she started watching reruns of Mahabharata on television and realised the importance of Kampilya. Amavasya No Moon Day comes Although it may interest the hobbyist historian or the lay reader only in passing, it is serious business nonetheless, dating of mahabharata and ramayana. Events — such as an eclipse, planetary or astral positioning or a comet sighting — mentioned in an epic like the Ramayana may have occurred subsequently or prior. Sharvan was at this juncture at about B. No one has been able to do this. Regarding religion, he combines human sympathy with substantive skepticism. Thus a shift scripture on dating relationships 10 nakshatras has occured since the Ramayanic Era. Being Chaitra masa, the Sun was at Mesha and so it could be at Krittika. And we use this information and look into the human genome DNAwhich preserves information back several generations. Vishwamitra modified this and started measuring from the nakshatra at the Autumnal Equinox. She felt she had to follow his trail. If we add his 14 years of exile to forests and life at Ayodhya, it can be around 40 yrs. This also agrees well with the Vedic Age coinciding with Indus Valley Civilization upto followed by the Epic age thereafter and then by the Puranic age during the time of the Janapadas. Soham Das May 5, at 9: Debate Dating of Mahabharat and Ramayan How far back in the past did the events described in the epics really take place? The Yugas are circular. Thus the date of the last battle of the War is 15th November B. Naturally, the next month was Chaitra, when the coronation was arranged on Pushya day at degrees. At the time of Rama's exile, Mars was at deg. After 14 years of Rama's stay in the forest, Valmiki tells that Rohini was imprisoned,Mars marched on Rohini 6- or and mars was torturing Rohini or, or Fame and wealth never left him. Dasharatha's nakshatra appears to be Krittika.

This article is from Open Magazine. The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it.

This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement-- as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department--extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata.

By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years. He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place.

His paper on the war's dating will be part of a book of research on the Mahabharata that I-Serve plans to bring out later this year. In support of his hypothesis, he cites research by veteran dating of mahabharata and ramayana KS Valdiya, author of Saraswati: The River That Disappeared, on paleoseismic activity in the lower Himalayas to trace the approximate time of the Mahabharata. There exists a long tradition of astronomical dating of Indian epics done by studying celestial events like eclipses, comets, and planetary positions mentioned in textssome by scholars, and now with easily available software packages, increasingly by amateurs.

A quick search on the internet would have you believe that astronomy has already proved the veracity of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, with countless websites carrying contradictory data. But consensus is hard to find. Take the case of the discrepant dating that astronomy throws up for the Mahabharata. Bhatnagar's dates are close to those of RN Iyengar, one of India's best known civil engineers and a scholar on the history of science, who has pegged the Mahabharata at BCE.

Another veteran researcher in the field, Narhari Achar, a professor of Physics at the University of Memphis, beijing hookup bars the more popularly accepted date, BCE. Says Professor Achar on email, 'Different scholars have strong opinions and believe their own results are correct. Deeper study of the original texts would help. The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive.

The dates recreated by astronomy software cannot be taken as definitive since we do not know whether the verse being dated was part the original core or if it was added later, says Subhash Kak, who teaches luxembourg expat dating the department of electric and computer engineering at Louisiana State University, and has worked on the history of Indian science.

The way a poetic description of an astral event in the verses is interpreted is subjective and it lacks scholarly agreement. The quest to prove the historicity of the epics by dating them affirmatively is an old pursuit. It is also a politically fraught subject that has been making recurrent headlines. There was a fair amount of opposition when Y Sudershan Rao, a little- known Mahabharata researcher, took over last year as chairperson of the Indian Council of Historical Research ICHRand stated soon after that the Ramayana and Mahabharata are not 'myths' but true accounts of the period.

It led to fear among historians that the ICHR would henceforth expend all its energy dating the epics, a field that many historians dub 'unhistorical'. According to a recent news report, the ICHR will soon be taking up research projects on new approaches to writing ancient Indian history based on Sanskrit texts, and revisiting the theme of Aryan immigration into India.

It is clear that the epic dating enterprise will be getting a fillip in times to come. Contemporary dialogue on India's ancient past often resembles the battlefield of Kurukshetra, cleaved into two factions, the Left and top 5 europe dating sites Right, mythology versus history, truth versus bunkum. Beyond the political battleground, if you take a popular vote on this subject, it will show up the duality that the Indian mind is so at ease with: Generations of researchers have combined the study of the two texts with data from astronomy, archaeology and paleogeography.

The field has been widened to include genetic studies and natural sciences, but to little or no avail. We are far from any unanimous agreement, except for concurring that the Vedas predate the Ramayana, which came before the Mahabharata. Gyaneshwar Chaubey, Geneticist, Estonian Biocentre: There are people, however, who are committed to delving deeper for answers by applying imaginative cross-disciplinary ways of thinking and analysis to the epics. He has been conducting genetic studies on the tribes of the Ramayana.

In the first part of the project that lasted for three years, he studied the gene pool of the three main tribes mentioned in the epic, Bhil, Kol and Gond, to establish their continuity since ancient times with contemporary tribal and caste populations of the Indian Subcontinent. We know that Indian mythological sources might have preserved information about prehistoric peopling as well as past societal structure. And we use this information and look into the human genome DNAwhich preserves information back several generations.

And then we see how this information coming from their genome is in concordance or vice-versa with the mythological information,' he explains in an interview over email, dating of mahabharata and ramayana.

The Ramayana project is ongoing, and the plan for the next phase is to collect DNA samples from communities that claim direct lineage from Rama and then look for a consensus result--if any--that traces his male descent via the Y chromosomal haplogroup.

Chaubey also speaks of how his growing up years in Varanasi gave him a firm grounding in mythological texts and sources, which he now applies to research. He is extending the same analysis to the Mahabharata. She christian perspective dating relationship to botany and zoology to establish the historicity of the Ramayana. Two life scientists from the institute, P Sudhakar and M Amirthalingam studied the plants and animals of the Ramayana.

Chitrakut, Dandakaranya, Kishkindha and Lanka," Krishna says. The idea for this research came to her while on a visit to Bhimbetka caves in Madhya Christian dating sites vancouver, where she saw a painting of a tiger and a lion together.

Dismissing it as artistic licence, since the two are not found in the same forest, she later found out that in the forest of Dandakaranya, the two had co- existed, and Valmiki had weaved this into the Ramayana. She felt she had to follow his trail. By next year, the results of their work on Krishna and the Mahabharata will be out. The Mahabharata, though, is not as yielding in botanical information as the Ramayana. Nanditha Krishna has also authored Sacred Plants of India and Sacred Animals of India published by Penguinbooks about research done on the Vedas and epics to authenticate their historicity.

As I searched for correlations in ancient texts, I realised that while writers can make up stories about people, they cannot fake plants and animals, which are described so accurately in these texts. That was a tremendous source to authenticate our literature. Neera Misra, Chairperson, Draupadi Trust: She was witty and intelligent. An icon of our times" Photo: Neera Misra, who runs the Draupadi Trust in Delhi, is not a historian or scientist, dating of mahabharata and ramayana, unlike other pursuers.

She is a former entrepreneur who was drawn to the field quite by accident. Misra belongs to Kampilya, which, located in Farrukhabad district of Uttar Pradesh, is considered the birthplace of Draupadi and the capital of the kingdom of Panchala.

Some years ago, while recovering from an illness, she started watching reruns of Mahabharata on television and realised the importance of Kampilya. She also rediscovered Draupadi, and through her work she has introduced the question of gender to the debate on the epic's historicity. She was witty and intelligent, fiercely independent and progressive. She is an icon for our times," says Misra. Her tiny office is filled with ancient maps of Panchala, some frayed with age.

I have a connection with the land. Misra has the air of someone who knows how to get things done. She campaigned extensively for excavation at Matchmaking amx cdc, which took place between and Misra talks about the tragedy of Kampilya.

The mound where Drupad Kila Fort of King Drupad is assumed to be located has been taken over by squatters.

Intent on reclaiming the historic site and developing it for cultural tourism, she is currently in talks with the government of Uttar Pradesh. Archaeology is the only discipline that historians of all hues accept as a validator of information. BB Lal, a pioneer in this field, has written books on archaeological evidence for both the epics. The last dating of mahabharata and ramayana breakthrough was the discovery of the submerged city of Dwarka. But even archaeology has not provided enough leads.

Last year, amid much sounding of trumpets, the Archaeological Survey of India ASI undertook an excavation at Delhi's Purana Qila, a 16th century fort that's also considered the site of Indraprastha, believed to be the capital of the kingdom of the Pandavas. The first excavation at this site was conducted by BB Lal in ; he found traces of PGW, which he then corroborated with the Mahabharata.

The aim of this round of excavation was online dating search for free discover stratified deposits of PGW to establish links that would otherwise be tenuous.

The team found PGW potsherds in the upper layers, till the rain interrupted the excavation. This year, they were to dig for stratified deposits, but the project is stalled and the lead excavator Vasant Swarnkar, superintending archaeologist with the ASI, has been transferred. There was definitely a PGW habitation at this site, but we need large- scale excavation to prove this archaeologically," Swarnkar says. TKV Rajan, an archaeologist in Bengaluru who has been pushing for re-excavation at Dwarka in the current state of Gujarat by using new underwater technology, believes that the ASI does not want to relate the excavation at Indraprastha with the Mahabharata as the topic is a little too politically charged and sensitive.

No one has been able to do this. Scholars, while broadly agreeing that the epics were composed or compiled a few centuries BC and AD, disagree on how much in them is embellishment or interpolation: The problem is exceedingly thorny and may never have a final solution.

One thing will remain constant, however, as it has over thousands of years: Get the best stories of women challenging the status quo around the world in your inbox each week.

Newsletters may offer personalized content or advertisements. By Sunaina Kumar "Would you like to see how the sky looked at the beginning of the war? All images have been provided by Open Magazine.


So how is astronomical dating done? Just like the laws of motion cannot be questioned, scientific evidence is incontrovertible. Generations of researchers have combined the study of the two texts with data from astronomy, archaeology and paleogeography. Being Chaitra masa, the Sun was at Mesha and so it could be at Krittika. In support of his hypothesis, he cites research by veteran geologist KS Valdiya, author of Saraswati: If it is rs it is always stated ascoins of gold. Thus Rama's date is confirmed. Do you know your India? So where the verses came from?? And I admit I am a fan. Nanditha Krishna has also authored Sacred Plants of India and Sacred Animals of India published by Penguinbooks about research done on the Vedas and epics to authenticate their historicity. For example, archaeology around Magadha revealed that the place was developed around the second millennium BCE and Painted Grey Ware was found there. Our excavation at one site in dist Bilaspur HP revealed thousands of typical stone tools with Harappan potsherds. Ramanfebruary edition. Without the weight of historical tradition, the Ramayana would have been swept away by the tidal waves of conquests that India suffered over a period of years. The apex of the angle points to the west and the two limbs towards east, and therefore appears like a "gate". But consensus is hard to find. One cannot be sure whether Treta Yug ended with the end of Rama. Mars therefore moved in the reverse direction from Ardra to Rohini, resided at the "gate" of Rohini, thus in a way imprisoning the latter. However, any peace proposal was rejected by Ravana and the next day Phal. As you know that Dwarika is about yrs old per carbon dating and saraswati river carbon dating also do not infer what you are saying dates for Ramayan. He reached this destination at night, roamed around a little until he located Seeta the next morning. Unlike Krishna, who had the 16 kalas or qualities that makes one perfect, dating of mahabharata and ramayana, Rama had mastered only 14 kalas. Debate Dating of Mahabharat and Ramayan How far back in the past did the events described in the epics really take place? Vartak to B. Punarvasu appeared like a big fish, Mars hookup kenya telegram a crocodile, Airavata like an island and Swati like a swan. The idea for this research came to her while on a visit to Bhimbetka caves in Madhya Pradesh, where she saw a painting of a tiger and a lion together. There is another way of looking at all this. The another site visited by us Dhermajra also showed Soanian type stone tools with late -Harappan pottery. They are not regurgitating the discredited writings of Karl Marx, the racist German who supported English rule over India. The annual motion of Mars is An army can travel about 20 miles a day, therefore accordingly, Rama's army would have taken a month to reach Lanka.